Bahrain’s Oil and Gas industry has witnessed many achievements since its early steps in the thirties of the last century when the Kingdom became the first producer of oil among the Gulf Cooperation Council member states. An integrated group of specialized companies was set up along with several investment projects aimed at the development of “Bahrain Field” which was discovered in 1932 and “Bahrain Refinery” which was created in 1936. Priorities also included enhancing cooperation with Arab and international petroleum organisations. The establishment of National Oil and Gas Authority (NOGA) in 2005 marked a cornerstone for further development of the industry. The new body was entrusted with the responsibility of overseeing this vital sector which was restructured in order to achieve maximum efficiency while adhering to quality standards and principles of openness and transparency. In this context, NOGA ensures that the Kingdom of Bahrain’s current and future requirements of oil and gas resources are met; a crucial element for supporting national economy and the implementation of the guiding principles of Bahrain’s Economic Vision 2030.